Disease prevention and control organizations at all levels should, according to their professional characteristics and functional positioning, connect their own operating conditions and mission priorities, reasonably set up an experimental bench so that the setting of the experimental bench can both meet the needs of the operation and meet the needs of the professional. Each test bench manufacturer should also strictly observe it.
(I) Relevant experimental bench for microbiological inspection
Because of the particularity of microbiological inspection, there are difficulties in dispersing and contaminating microorganisms in the process of sending, receiving, turnover and testing of related samples. Therefore, it is necessary to strictly follow the State Council's "pathogenic microorganism experimental station" The relevant regulations of the Regulations on Biosafety Management, the General Requirements for Biosafety in Laboratory Benches (GB19489-2004), and the General Principles of Biosafety in Microorganisms and Biomedical Laboratory Benches (ws233-2002), etc., shall be implemented according to the degree of damage to microorganisms. Equipped with corresponding equipment, such as sample room, buffer room, different levels of biological safety equipment, washing and disinfection room, etc.
1. Pathogen testing laboratory
According to requirements, it can be divided into pathogenic bacteria test benches (such as cholera test bench, typhoid test bench, tuberculosis test bench, etc.), virus test benches (such as HIV screening and recognition test bench, hemorrhagic fever test bench, rabies test bench, hepatitis test bench). , Influenza test bench, polio test bench, measles test bench, JE test bench, etc.).
2. Clean Microbiology Experiment Bench
According to demand, it can be divided into food / health products / cosmetics inspection room, water / wading products inspection room and so on.
(II) Physical and chemical inspection related experimental bench
With the development of science and technology, the proportion of pure chemical inspection in physical and chemical inspections is gradually reduced, chemical inspections are gradually replaced by instrumental analysis, and various high-sensitivity and high-resolution analysis are replaced. Therefore, the setting of the physical and chemical inspection related experimental bench should consider the various environmental conditions required by the equipment, including cleanliness, temperature, temperature, seismic performance and safety, to ensure the normal operation of physical and chemical inspections.
1. Clean physical and chemical experiment bench
It can be divided into nutrition food / health product inspection room, water / wading product inspection room, cosmetics inspection room and so on.
2. Toxic and hazardous substances inspection room
According to demand, it can be divided into production / living environment / work clean test room, public clean emergency research room, dioxin experiment bench, etc.
3. Instrument analysis experiment bench
According to requirements, it can be divided into organic instrument analysis room (liquid phase-mass spectrometer, gas phase-mass spectrometer, etc.), inorganic instrument analysis room, etc. Conditional disease prevention and control organizations can set up intermediate test benches to bring together large-scale and valuable instruments and equipment for unified handling and operation, and to perform a shared responsibility system, so that the use, management, and general repair of instruments and equipment can be implemented on human heads. . In this way, milk can not only satisfy the demand for resource sharing, but also improve the power of the instrument and extend its life.
(3) Toxicology test bench and experimental animal room
When setting up a toxicology test bench, you should fully consider the ventilation of the poisoning test and the personal protection problems. In addition to thinking about the grade problems of the animal room, you should also consider the problems of disinfecting the test items and disposing of the test animals.
Toxicology test bench
According to requirements, it can be divided into all experimental benches, genetic experiment benches, functional experiment benches, mobile experiment benches, cell culture rooms, ames experiment benches, biochemical experiment benches, physiological experiment benches, molecular biology experiment benches, and pathological experiment benches.
2. Experimental bench animal room
According to demand, it can be divided into animal quarantine room, rat breeding room, mouse breeding room, rabbit breeding room, dolphins breeding room and so on.
(IV) Disinfection and Preface Biological Experiment Bench
Disinfection and foreword The setting of biological experimental bench should fully consider the characteristics of the research objectives and focus on the problems of biological safety
Disinfection laboratory bench
According to demand, it can be divided into tens of thousands of experimental benches, hundreds of experimental benches, mold experimental benches, mycobacterium labs, aerosol labs, field test labs, and so on.
2. Foreword Biological Experiment Bench
According to requirements, it can be divided into sensitive insect breeding room, resistant insect breeding room, medical insect room, specimen room, foreword biological prevention and treatment room, laboratory test room for efficacy test, imitation field test room, molecular biological room, resistance test Room, emergency public cleaning incident disposal room, etc.
(5) When setting up an experimental bench for parasitic diseases, one should consider the problems of personal protection and environmental pollution. According to demand, the test parasites can be divided into schistosomiasis test benches, malaria test benches, other parasite test benches, etc.